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Project Details

Egypt Project

Currently, CEL is working internationally with the US Department of State to expand the use of specially designed soil amendments to improve food production on highly saline farmland in Egypt. An urgent food security problem is emerging in Egypt caused by rapidly increasing food demand exacerbated by intensifying freshwater scarcity. Hence, the goal of this project is to produce preliminary results regarding the use of saline groundwater in combination with soil amendments to improve the efficiency of production of field and cash crops such as wheat and tomato from agricultural lands reclaimed from the desert in Egypt. Further, the project will improve comprehension of the tradeoffs and challenges facing the scaled use of saline groundwater and soil amendments. The results of the original scientific studies will be synthesized with the current body of knowledge and incorporated into resource analysis, economic analysis, and a system dynamics model to further analyze broader implications, upscale laboratory results, and support farmer and policy guidance.

The project will operate at the interface of agriculture and water sustainability. Sustainable agriculture in Egypt requires overcoming resource mismanagement, environmental degradation, and excessive consumption. Improving crop production sustainably will require adapting modern methods, technologies, and policies for irrigation water management, fertilization and soil amendment/conditioning, and environmental protection.

Agriculture is, and will remain, the largest water consumer in Egypt with a ratio of 85% of total water demand. Cache Environmental Laboratories, P.C. partnering with other researchers to help with this project. Cache Environmental Laboratories, P.C’s focus on the project is the impact of soil amendments on salinity management and irrigation demand shall be evaluated. Results will be used by CEL to establish the necessary leaching fraction for maintaining a specific yield of crop (tomato and wheat). The establishment of the leaching fraction and assist in the study in terms of irrigation water demand, which will include both consumptive water use (evapotranspiration and leaching fraction). CEL will deploy one weather station and require the support on part-time laborer at the experimental sites.

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